Psychological Strategies for Dealing with Mental Disorders in the Preoperative and Postoperative Period
Applied Medical Research. 2022;
Surgery is a very stressful situation for humans, resulting in various psychiatric problems. Fear of the operation process, fear of the unknown, death anxiety along with changes in primary personal, family and professional roles, cause the manifestation of problems from the mental realm. The effects of psychiatric disorders can have a profound effect on both the mental and physical health of the patient.
Aim: The aim of this study is to present psychiatric disorders during the perioperative period.
Material and Method: The method used to write this study is the literature review. The writing was done by studying books, scientific articles and internet search.
Results: Psychiatric problems such as anxiety, depression, delirium at their onset, affect the preoperative and postoperative condition of the patient.
Conclusions: The evaluation of psychiatric disorders experienced by patients should be an integral part of perioperative care. Early diagnosis and early treatment are associated with the avoidance of chronicity and serious complications.