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International Scientific Indexing (ISI) Indexed Journal Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149 - 2018
Applied Medical Research. 2023; 10(2):(141-159)

Prevalence of Bovine Cysticercosis, Human Taeniasis and Associated Risk Factors in Selected Towns of Silte Zone

Solomon Musema Mussa

Bovine cysticercosis is an infection of cattle caused by the larval stage of Cysticercus Bovis, the human intestinal cestodes and it has economical and public health importance. Across-sectional study was conducted from March 2022 to August 2022 to determine the prevalence of Bovine Cysticercosis, Human Taeniasis and associated risk factors in selected towns of Silte zone. The study was conducted in Silte zone municipal abbatoir in cattle slaughtered at Kilto, Kutery, Kirate and Werabe town municipal abattoirs. Systematic random sampling technique was used to collect data from abattoir survey of the study animals and questionnaire survey collected data stored by using in Epi data software and analyzed using (SPSS-22) software program. The study animals were 422 cattle which were systematic randomly selected. The present study revealed that the overall prevalence of C.bovis was 36 %, which indicated a high prevalence of the parasite in the study area. A prevalence of 35.7%, 35.92%, 37.96% and 34.11% were Kilto, Kutery, Kirate and Werabe Tawon were observed, respectively. Among considered risk factors, sex, body condition and breed showed statistically significant difference in prevalence of C. bovis in study area. Regarding the anatomical distribution of the cysts, shoulder muscle showed highest prevalence 28.44%, was followed by tongue 20.79% tricepsbrachi muscle 18.35%, masseter muscle 17.74%, heart 12.84%, and liver 1.8%. Out of 110 respondents, 64.5% had contracted T.saginata. Among considered risk factors, sex, age , occupation, education status, raw meat consumption and knowledge about the disease, showed statistically significant difference in prevalence of T. saginata in study area. The findings of this study indicated that importance of Bovine Cysticercosis and Taeniasis in the study area. Therefore, attention should be given to the public awareness, detailed meat inspection to be safe to public health, consumption of well-cooked cattle meat should be implemented for breaking the cycle of the diseases and promote meat industry in the country.