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Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149-2018
Applied Medical Research. 2021; 8(1):(104-120)


Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Covid-19 Prevention and Associated Factors among House Holds In Ilu Ababor and Bunno Bedele Zones, Southwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Milkias Dugassa1*, Bonsa Amsalu1, Sanbato Tamiru1, Ebissa Negera2, Abdi Gada2, Tesfaye Tsegaye3, Firomsa Bekele3, Desalegn Chilo3, Mustefa Mohammedhussein4, Endegena Abebe5 and Eshetu Chilo5

Abstract
Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become the center of global public health concern. COVID-19 has evolved into a pandemic which requires persons around the world to attend to rapidly changing messages and take immediate actions to minimize the risk of infection. Knowledge of a disease can influence the attitudes and practices, and incorrect attitudes and practices directly increase the risk of infection. Thus, understanding the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) and possible contributing factors could help to design COVID 19 preventive strategies. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice and associated factors among households in Ilu Ababor and Bunno Bedele zones, Southwest Ethiopia. Method: Community based cross sectional study was conducted on households in Ilubabor and Buno Bedele zones. Households were selected by systematic random sampling. Data were collected using structured and pretested questionnaire. Epi data v3.1 and SPSS v23 were used to enter and analyze data. Independent t-test and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to examine mean difference between groups of independent variables. Results: A total of 420 households responded, making a response rate of 99.5% in which more than half 220(52.4%) of them were males. Overall, 30.5%, 33.3% and 30.5% of respondents had high level of knowledge, attitude and practice level respectively. Access to information, access to face mask, cigarette smoking, khat chewing, drinking alcohol, age, occupation, and educational level were significantly associated with knowledge, attitude and practice of COVID-19 prevention. Conclusion and Recommendations: The finding of this study revealed that knowledge, attitude and practice towards prevention of COVID-19 were low. The identified factors associated with KAP were: access to information, access to face mask, cigarette smoking, khat chewing, drinking alcohol, age, occupation, and educational level. Health facilities in Ilu Ababor and Bunno Bedele Zones should work hardly to improve the awareness and practice as well as to tackle the contributing factors.