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International Scientific Indexing (ISI) Indexed Journal Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149 - 2018
Applied Medical Research. 2021; 8(2):(113-136)

COVID-19: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Prevention and Associated Factors among Gimbi Town Residents Western F Ethiopia at an Early Phase

Keneni Ephrem Dibissa1, Getahun Fetensa2*, Mangistu Tamiru3 and Alemnesh Mosisa2

Introduction: Corona virus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) is a newly occurred respiratory disease that is resulted from a novel corona virus. Objective: to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards prevention of corona virus and contributing factors among Gimbi Town residents, West Wollega, Ethiopia. Method: Community based cross sectional study design was undertaken between May 16/2020to 20/2020 on a total of 460 using systematic random sampling face to face interview method was used for data collection. SPSS version 25.00 was used for in which variable having p-value <0.25 in bi-variable analysis was considered as candidate for final model. P-value ≤0.05 was taken as for significant variable. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was done to assess the mean differences. Result and Conclusion: A total of 460 respondents were included with a response rate of 99.8%. In this study 64.3%, 58.5% and 48.3% of the study participants were regarded as having good knowledge, favorable attitude and good practice respectively. Variables like educational status at ((AOR=3.12, 95%CI (1.1-8.8)), age, at ((AOR=3.89, 95%CI, (1.19-12.65)), were independently associated with knowledge. In another way knowledge had significant association ((AOR=2.67, 95%CI (1.76-4.06)) with attitude, while age had association with practice at ((AOR=3.37, 95%CI (1.29-8.78)) in final model. More than half of respondents have good knowledge and satisfactory attitude that was not similarly implemented into practice. This reveals that efforts are needed in behavioral change for practice and enforcing the law to improve the practices of the community.