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International Scientific Indexing (ISI) Indexed Journal Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149 - 2018
Applied Medical Research. 2020; 7(2):(81-159)

Applied investigation at Life Science, Hygiene, Biomedical Research in Medieval Islamic Civilization

Mohammadreza Shahidipak

There is a hypothesis in history of medicine that is based on human heritage of medieval civilization and today in postmodern period it is referred to as medievalism or a return to medieval teachings for reconstruction of societies. A large part of this historical capital belongs to Islamic civilization in field of, hygiene, environmental protection and life sciences, which has a practical application in changing behaviors of individual and society. The subject of science of life and health is man and city as place of his creation, which is an international issue and belongs to the human race in all places and times. One of medieval events is emergence and movement of Islamic urban planning based on changes in lifestyle and health and environmental protection, The Islamic city was formed in an atmosphere of connection between preserving spiritual character of Man and preserving its material character, Part of social theology of Islam is teachings of life sciences and health, and in Islamic civilization, several specialized texts were compiled in this field. Islamic scientist as Avicenna, Averroes in medieval did a lot of research on biological which led to the emergence of hygiene, life science and nutrition. History of science have been attributed to Islamic scholars, many biological studies the most important of which are: Invisible microorganisms As a factor in transmission of disease and pathological issues in recognizing blood components and controlling its disruptive systems, toxicology and its applications, exercise and nutrition and bath therapy and explaining the medical properties of food, the environmental effects of climate and embryology and finding models an animal biology that resemble and the causes and ways of treating epidemics, etc. In Islamic civilization, from advent of Islam to end of medieval, there is an evolving and evolving collection of research in field of health and life sciences which started from health teachings of Prophet of Islam and after six centuries of development has been compiled by Averroes (1198). As medical encyclopedia that is universal root of biological and health knowledge until twentieth century. special quarantine facilities and exclusive hospital for special life of some patients such as leprosy first appeared in Islamic civilization in north africa called;”AL- Demneh." paper applied finding is that a kind of individual and social hygiene theology was formed in medieval which still ensures individual and society health.