E-ISSN 2149-2018 editor@ejmamr.online


Applied Medical Research. 2020; 7(2):(73-117)


A Case Report in Teenager Age: Is Lying Position a Trigger of Visual Sensations In Alice in Wonderland Syndrome?

Stefan Bittmann*, Elisabeth Luchter, Anne Weissenstein, Elena Moschüring-Alieva, Gloria Villalon

Abstract
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) was named after the description of Lewis Carroll in his novel. In 1955, John Todd, a psychiatrist described this entity for the first time. Todd described it as “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll. The author Carroll suffered from severe migraine attacks. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome is a disorienting condition of seizures affecting the visual perception. AIWS is a neurological form of seizures influencing the brain, thereby causing a disturbed perception. Patients describe visual, auditory and tactile hallucinations and disturbed perceptions. The causes for AIWS are still not known exactly. Cases of migraine, brain tumors, depression episodes, epilepsy, delirium, psychoactive drugs, ischemic stroke, EBV, mycoplasma and malaria infections are correlating with AIWS like seizures. Neuroimaging studies reveal disturbance of brain regions including the temporoparietal junction, the temporal lobe and the occipital lobe as typical localization of the visual pathway. We present the case of a 17 years-old teenager from Canada, who describes his experience with AIWS-like visual disturbances in detail. The case report shed light on the presence of a lying position in Alice in Wonderland like visual sensations.
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