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International Scientific Indexing (ISI) Indexed Journal Applied Medical Research ISSN: 2149 - 2018
Applied Medical Research. 2024; 11(5):(156-157)


A Descriptive Analysis of Nurses’ Self-Reported Mental Health Symptoms During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An International Study

Allison SQUIRES, Hillary J DUTTON, Honey PATEL, Zhongyue MA, Jose Luis ALVAREZ, et al.

Abstract
Background: The epidemic of overweight and obesity is a reflection of societal and behavioral changes in communities over recent decades. There is a global increase in overweight and obesity among students, which has a long-term health risk. Factors strongly linked to obesity among students include high energy, fat, salt, and low fiber food choices, skipping breakfast, excessive snack consumption, insufficient physical activity, high-calorie diets, and smoking. Despite to this there is a major evidence gap of obesity/overweight and its health impacts in developing countries like Somaliland. 


Objectives: The objective of this study was to estimate prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity and to determine the associated factors among students at Burao college of health science, Burao Somaliland, 2024. 

Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study with systematic sampling technique was used A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. The collected data was checked for completeness, coded and entered into Epi data version 3.1, then exported to Stata version 14 for further analysis. Descriptive statistics was used to provide an overall summary and presented using texts, and, tables. Binary and multivariate logistic regression models were employed to determine the level of the risk associations. Adjusted Odds ratio, at the p-value of <0.05 and 95% confidence interval was used as a significant cut point. 

Result: A total of 185 students with 100% response rate. The majority of participants 156 individuals were female. The mean age of the study participants was 21.7 (SD ±2.7) with 176 individuals falling between the ages of 18-26, followed by 7 individuals between the ages of 26-34. In terms of consumption meals per day 69.19% of the participants reported consuming meals three times a day. Regarding, consumption of fast food 25.95% of the participants indicated regular consumption of fast food or processed foods. About daily consumption of dairy products, 32.43% of the participants reported daily consumption of dairy products. In this study the overall prevalence of obesity/overweight was 22.16% (CI; 0.909, 1.603). 

In the multivariate logistic analysis, the variables such as infrequent consumption of fast food (AOR= 2.07; 95% CI: 0.445, 3.69) and daily consumption of dairy products such as milk (AOR= 1.55; 95% CI: 0.15, 2.94) were significantly linked to obesity/overweight among students at Burao College of Health Science in Burao, Somaliland. However, some factors like, Sex (p=0.409), Eating meat and egg per week (p=0.882), and physical activity, eating fatty food per week (p=0.783) had no association with obesity/overweight 

Conclusion: The current study showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Burao college health science students is a high public health problem. eating habit factors influencing the obesity/overweight were identified. Overweight/obesity is significantly associated with infrequent consumption of fast food and daily consumption of dairy products such as milk. Therefore, to emphasis more focus should give encouraging healthier eating habits, such as reducing fast food consumption and promoting moderation in dairy product intake, in preventing and managing obesity/overweight in this population. However, further research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms and potential confounding factors involved in these associations.