E-ISSN 2149-2018
 

Original Research 


Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Anemia during pregnancy is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. It has been implicated with an increased risk of maternal and fatal morbidity and mortality. Hence, the main objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of maternal anemia during pregnancy at last antenatal care visit at Bahrdar Felege-hiwot referral hospital antenatal care clinic.
METHOD: An institutional based retrospective study was conducted in Bahrdar Felege-hiwot Referral hospital from September 2012 to August 2013. Data were collected from clinical recording charts using data extraction sheet. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were done to see the association of independent variables with outcome variable. A p <0.05 in multivariate analysis was considered as statistically significant, and adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI was calculated to determine association.
Results: The mean gestational age was 31 weeks (range: 8-43). Of the total 1120 pregnant women, 508 (45.4%) of them were anemic. The mean Hemoglobin level of pregnant women was 10.98g/dL (±1.68 SD). Majority (50.4%) of these anemic women were mildly anemic. The remaining 46.5% and 3.1% were moderately and severely anemic. HIV infection was significantly associated with maternal anemia (AOR (95%CI) =4.78(3.14, 7.29)).
Concussion: The prevalence of anemia was high, and it is a severe public health problem. Mild type anemia was dominant. HIV infection was associated with maternal anemia. Hence, efforts should be made for early diagnosis and management of anemia and HIV.

Concussion: The prevalence of anemia was high, and it is a severe public health problem. Mild type anemia was dominant. HIV infection was associated with maternal anemia. Hence, efforts should be made for early diagnosis and management of anemia and HIV.

Key words: Anemia, Ethiopia, pregnancy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Appl Med Res. 2015; 1(1): 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510


Web Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. http://www.ejmamr.com/?mno=177254 [Access: December 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Appl Med Res. 2015; 1(1): 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Appl Med Res. (2015), [cited December 15, 2018]; 1(1): 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



Harvard Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas (2015) Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Appl Med Res, 1 (1), 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



Turabian Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. 2015. Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Applied Medical Research, 1 (1), 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



Chicago Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. "Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study." Applied Medical Research 1 (2015), 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas. "Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study." Applied Medical Research 1.1 (2015), 2-7. Print. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mulugeta Melku, Aster Agmas (2015) Maternal anemia during pregnancy in Bahrdar Town, Northwestern Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective study. Applied Medical Research, 1 (1), 2-7. doi:10.5455/amr.20150129110510





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